Fairfield is a township in far northwestern Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 7,466, reflecting an increase of 403 (+5.7%) from the 7,063 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 552 (-7.2%) from the 7,615 counted in the 1990 Census. Fairfield is the least densely populated town in Essex County.
The first Europeans to settle in the area were Dutch and the place was called Gansegat. Later it was part of Horse Neck and officially part of Newark Township. What is now Fairfield was formed on February 16, 1798, as Caldwell Township from portions of Acquackanonk Township and Newark Township. The area was named for Rev. James Caldwell. It was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to create Livingston (February 8, 1813), Fairmount Township (March 11, 1862, now part of West Orange), Caldwell borough (February 10, 1892), Verona Township (February 17, 1892, now known and including what is now Cedar Grove), North Caldwell (March 31, 1898), Essex Fells (March 31, 1902) and West Caldwell (February 24, 1904). On November 6, 1963, Caldwell Township was renamed as Fairfield Township, based on the results of a referendum passed the previous day. Fairfield was reincorporated as borough on June 8, 1964. In 1978, the borough passed a referendum reincorporating itself as a township, becoming the second of more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis.
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Arts and Entertainment
The Fairfield School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through sixth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 1,240 students and 57.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 21.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Adlai E. Stevenson Elementary School for pre-kindergarten through third grade (342 students) and Winston S. Churchill School for students in fourth through sixth grade (281 students).
Students in public school for seventh through twelfth grades attend the West Essex Regional School District, a regional school district in western Essex County serving students from Essex Fells, Fairfield, North Caldwell and Roseland. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are West Essex Middle School (grades 7-8; 581 students) and West Essex High School (grades 9-12; 1,070 students).
Parks and Recreation
The Fairfield Recreation Department is excited to announce online registration beginning September 24, 2018.
Payments for online registration may be charged to your MasterCard, Visa, Discover credit card or ECHECK. It’s fast, easy, and secure and can be accessed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week from any computer/cell phone with internet access. Online payments are handled over a secure network through Capturepoint.com. Its secure server software encrypts all of your personal information including credit card number, name and address so that it cannot be read as the information travels over the internet.
You can create an account at any time even prior to registering for a program. Once your account is created, you will receive an email that contains your login information. Be sure to keep this email in a safe place so that you can continue to enjoy the convenience of online registration.
Corporate residents of Fairfield Township include:
- Pharmaceutical firm Bradley Pharmaceuticals was headquartered here until the company was acquired by Nycomed in 2008.
- Cricket Hill, microbrewer of American Ale, Hopnotic IPA, and East Coast Lager.
- Telebrands, the direct marketing firm best known for its "As Seen on TV" products
As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 62.10 miles (99.94 km) of roadways, of which 40.18 miles (64.66 km) were maintained by the municipality, 13.14 miles (21.15 km) by Essex County and 8.78 miles (14.13 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Essex County Airport, managed by the Essex County Improvement Authority, is located in Fairfield
Download the app or follow these commuting tips. https://moovitapp.com/index/en/public_transit-Fairfield_NJ-NYCNJ-efsite_4e2093e545dd950bb01bec8e-121